Archives de l’auteur : eherring

Séminaire: How to Reach the Absolute: Bergson’s Anti-Kantism – Leonard Lawlor – Mardi 17 Mai 2022

Mardi 17 mai | Salle des Actes – ENS | 13h30-15h00

Leonard Lawlor is Head of the Philosophy Department and Edwin Erle Sparks Professor of Philosophy at Penn State University. He the author of eight books, most of which concern 20th century French philosophy. The most recent is From Violence to Speaking out (Edinburgh 2016). He is currently working on a book called The Disparate: Deleuze’s Ethics of the Univocity of Being, which will be published by Columbia University Press. In 2021, Indiana University Press published his English translation of Renaud Barbaras’s Introduction à la phénoménologie de la vie. Lawlor has also completed the English translation of Bergson’s 1904-1905 course on the evolution of the problem of freedom, which will be published by Bloomsbury Academic in 2023.

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Book Review: The Bergsonian Mind. Mark Sinclair and Yaron Wolf (eds), 2021

Bruno Rates – University of São Paulo (FFLCH/USP), Brazil, Grant 2020/15114-5, São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP)During his lifetime, Bergson enjoyed considerable influence on the Anglophone intellectual scene, notably in the United Kingdom and the United States. After his death, however, Bergsonian studies in English were not consolidated in a continuous and structured way, and it was necessary to wait a few decades for this situation begin to be reversed. Driven by Gilles Deleuze’s increasing penetration into the Anglo-Saxon cultural (not necessarily philosophical) world, as well as through the efforts of researchers such as Keith Ansell-Pearson, John Mullarkey (among others) and, perhaps also, by a kind of “analytic philosophy fatigue” from its own practitioners (as seen in the growing interest in metaphysical themes, for example), the critical bibliography in English found a new impetus from the 2000s onwards. But, though since then we have witnessed a small editorial boom on Bergson, whether in England or the USA, a work that was both comprehensive and specialized was still lacking. In other words, a book that would function as an instigating gateway for those who would like to establish a first contact with Bergson’s thought and, at the same time, as a rich source of research for Bergsonian scholars interested in deepening their knowledge in specific topics that could be related to their own research.

 

The Bergsonian Mind, published in 2022 by Routledge in the “Philosophical Minds” Series timely and exemplarily fills such a gap. Edited by Mark Sinclair and Yaron Wolf, the book contains 36 texts (plus one short “Introduction”) written by specialists from many parts of the world, and covers a wide spectrum of subjects explored by Bergson. This geographic and thematic diversity can be felt in the five parts that constitute its 510 pages: “Sources and Scene”, “Mind and World”, “Ethics and Politics”, “Reception” and “Bergson and Contemporary Thought.” In this review, given the lack of unity of the book and the heterogeneity of its texts, I will give a brief presentation of each essay followed by a critical analysis. At the end, I will make some final comments vis-à-vis the bibliography and the internationalization of Bergsonian studies. It goes without saying that this volume is a great contribution to those interested in Bergson’s philosophy, and that my critiques have the goal to promote and advance the discussion, in a true spirit of academic comradeship.
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Call for Papers: Brazil Meeting of the Global Bergsonism Research Project (an online webinar) – 18, 24 and 25 of November, 2022

Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar)
University of São Paulo (USP)
Federal University of Paraná (UFPR)
UMR 8547 Pays germaniques – Transferts culturels (CNRS/Ens)

Ernesto Neto, We Fishing the Time, 2001

Based on the pioneering work of Bento Prado Júnior and Franklin Leopoldo e Silva, Bergsonian studies have developed significantly in Brazil over the last 20 years. This includes a thematic diversity that allows a rich dialogue with other scholars around the world. Our participation in the CNRS International Research Network “A Chapter in a Global History of Philosophy : New Perspectives on Bergsonism” intends to expand this exchange even further and, thus, the research horizon around Bergson’s philosophy. The openness of his thought, related to the fundamental idea of the continuous transformation of time, leads us to strengthen our ties while looking forward to new interlocutors, especially from Latin America, beyond the consolidated connection with France.

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Book Review: Einstein vs. Bergson. An Enduring Quarrel On Time. Alessandra Campo and Simone Gozzano (eds), 2022

Alfonso Lanzieri

Clock time, time of consciousness. Lived time, time of nature. If the issue of time has always been one of the most difficult in the history of Western philosophical and scientific thought, one of the most discussed points is the relationship between an objective time, quantitative, and a subjective time, qualitative, and their our own natures. A decisive date in the history of this debate is 6 April 1922: on that day, in fact, took place in Paris the meeting between Albert Einstein and Henri Bergson, the clash between the ‘greatest physicist of the 20th century’ and the ‘philosopher of France’. Topic of the debate: the Einsteinian theory of relativity.

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Book Review: Cosmogenesi dell’esperienza. Il campo trascendentale impersonale da Bergson a Deleuze, Giulio Piatti, 2021

Francesco Pugliaro, KU Leuven, Belgium / FWO

Cosmogenesi dell’esperienza. Il campo trascendentale impersonale da Bergson a Deleuze (“Cosmogenesis of Experience. The Impersonal Transcendental Field from Bergson to Deleuze”), written by Giulio Piatti, is the fifth book published by Mimesis as part of the Canone minore series, directed by Rocco Ronchi, for which Piatti had already edited the first Italian translation of Jean Wahl’s seminal work, Vers le concret [1]. In the book Piatti stages a complex scene, by moving multiple authors and concepts in and out of the frame in order to map the migrations of an idea, and to measure its effects on 20th century philosophy, from Bergson to Deleuze (via Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, Hyppolite, Ruyer, Simondon). It is the idea of an impersonal transcendental field, which – as Ronchi brightly suggests in the Preface – “does not belong to the history but to the chemistry of philosophical thought” (p. 9), as a recurring factor in the processes of composition of modern philosophies. In the strictest sense, the idea refers to the effort to understand experience beyond any exclusively anthropological framework, by regressing to a field of existence in which the subject (and its relation to the world) emerges as an internal effect, as “one of the many vicissitudes of the world” (p. 145). Piatti’s book reconstructs a vast conceptual environment – at the intersection of an investigation of experience, a redefinition of the transcendental gesture, and a meditation on nature – and this is exactly where its strength lies. It does not treat the notion of impersonal transcendental field as a unitary (and hyper-technical) concept, to be examined in a comparative study of different authors, but rather as a shared insistence: to seize experience at its root, along the lines of development of a plural universe.

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Programme: The revival of Bergson in the Twenty-First Century 26 November 2021 – Ateneum The Finnish National Gallery

Organised by the project ‘Science, Literature and Research’, funded by the Kone Foundation, at the University of Helsinki

What explains the renewed interest in Henri Bergson’s philosophy of time, memory and creative evolution at the start of the twenty-first century? Having been dismissed as a “serious philosopher” in the post-Second World war period – in no small part as a consequence of the celebrity status of this philosopher, who is said to have caused the first traffic jam on Broadway with his 1913 lecture at Columbia – the revival of Bergson in the anglophone world owed much to the English translation of Gilles Deleuze’ 1966 essay on Bergsonism in 1988. This event was soon accompanied by a resurgence of anti-Bergsonism in the context of science wars in the following decade, prompted by the alleged mistreatment of natural science by postmodern philosophers. The ‘Sokal affair’ and the book Intellectual Impostures (1998) by Alan Sokal and Jean Bricmont amounted to a warning that philosophers should not meddle in scientific affairs out of their reach – Bergson’s conversation with Einstein in 1922 was invoked as a warning example – or concern themselves too much with the implications of contemporary science for our worldview.

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Publication: Bergsoniana

 

Nous avons le plaisir de vous présenter le premier numéro de Bergsoniana. Nouvelle publication de référence de la Société des amis de Bergson, animée par une équipe scientifique internationale renouvelée, cette revue bilingue, annuelle et en accès ouvert marque une nouvelle étape, après la série des Annales bergsoniennes.
Le premier numéro présente le dossier “Reassessing Bergson”, édité par Matyáš Moravec, la correspondance inédite entre Bergson et l’élève de Jung, Adolf Keller, ainsi que des “Varia”. Le numéro est disponible en ligne ici et la version papier (impression à la demande) sera disponible prochainement. 

Table des matières: 

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Online Workshop: Déjà-vu and memory. Bergson and Modern Philosophy of Memory – September 12, 2021- Project Bergson in Japan

A cross-boundary exchange that aims to reboot Bergson’s theory of déjà-vu, with reference to current physiological and philosophical views on déjà-vécu and déjà-vu.

Talk : “A neo-Bergsonian view about déjà-vu”
by Denis Perrin (Université Grenoble Alps / Centre for Philosophy of Memory)
Respondent 1: Ken’ichi Hara (Hokkaido University)
Respondent 2: Yasushi Hirai (Fukuoka University)

Date: September 12, 2021, 17:00-18:30 (JST)
Place: Zoom (registration required)

Organised by PBJ (Project Bergson in Japan) and Berutetsuken.
Supported by Société Franco-Japonaise de la Philosophie

Registration: https://forms.gle/XTWXe2MwRR6pVbzQ9

Programme Fukuoka Meeting of the Global Bergsonism Research Project (an online webinar) – 12, 18, 19 November 2021 – Fukuoka University, Japan

Of all the philosophies of the early 20th century, Bergsonism has known the widest diffusion, creating a true global intellectual movement, producing local interpretations and new semantizations of Bergson’s thought. The Global Bergsonism research project aims to produce, via local chapters, a global history of Bergsonism, considered as an emblematic case of philosophical transfer.

In November 2021 a webinar will be hosted by Fukuoka University, in the framework of the CNRS IRN project “Un chapitre dans l’histoire globale de la philosophie. Nouvelles perspectives sur le bergsonisme” and in synergy with the “Project Bergson in Japan” (PBJ) led by Japanese Bergsonian scholars, to focus on Bergson studies in the East Asian area.

We are happy to present the programme below

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Online Workshop: Time, Freedom, and Creativity: Bergsonian Perspectives – July 29-30 2021 – Project Bergson in Japan

Dates: July 29, 30.
Time: JST: 17:00-19:00, 21:00-23:00.
Place: Zoom, virtually London (Registeration Required)
Organizers: Project Bergson in Japan and Barry Dainton

PROGRAMME

THURSDAY 29

17:00-19:00, Chair: Barry Dainton
Yaron Wolf, Coinciding with Time’s Flow: from Perception to the Manifest Image
Yasushi Hirai, Bergson on Causality

21:00-23:00, Chair: Hisashi Fujita
Kaoru Kamiyama, Bergson on Sympathy
Anne Sophie Meincke, With Bergson Towards a New Bio-Processual Metaphysics of Free Will or: Why Contemporary Philosophers of Free Will Ought to Read Bergson


FRIDAY 30

17:00-19:00, Chair: Tatsuya Murayama
Barry Dainton, Unity and Irreducibility
Hisashi Fujita, On Personality: Analytical and Bergsonian Approaches

21:00-23:00, Chair: Yasushi Hirai
Tatsuya Murayama, Bergson on the Indefinability of Freedom
General Discussion

Register here
Contact: hiraiya@fukuoka-u.ac.jp

 

Call for papers: Fukuoka Meeting of the Global Bergsonism Research Project (an online webinar) – 12, 18, 19 November 2021 – Fukuoka University, Japan

 

*** THE DEADLINE IS EXTENDED UNTIL JULY 1, 2021 ***

Of all the philosophies of the early 20th century, Bergsonism has known the widest diffusion, creating a true global intellectual movement, producing local interpretations and new semantizations of Bergson’s thought. The Global Bergsonism research project aims to produce, via local chapters, a global history of Bergsonism, considered as an emblematic case of philosophical transfer.

A webinar hosted by Penn State University in November 2020 showed the vitality of Bergson studies in North American area by creating fertile crossroads of perspectives, particularly on the question of ecology, life sciences and politics, and postcolonial philosophy. In the next years the project will encourage further research, through five international meetings in Japan, Brazil, Cameroon, Lithuania and Turkey in the framework of the CNRS International Research Network (IRN) “A Chapter in the Global History of Philosophy: New Perspectives on Bergsonism”, whose goals are the writing of a world history of Bergsonism, making available the philosophical contributions to Bergson studies from all over the world, and establishing an international network of scholars and activities in Bergson studies from different geographical areas.

In November 2021 a webinar will be hosted by Fukuoka University, in synergy with the “Project Bergson in Japan” (PBJ) led by Japanese Bergsonian scholars, to focus on Bergson studies in the East Asian area.

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Bergson and Vitalism(s): An Online Workshop – April 29-30, 2021 | Ghent University – University Toulouse Jean Jaurès

This workshop aims to provide a reassessment of the relationship between Bergson’s philosophy of life and vitalism by combining perspectives from historians of philosophy, historians of science, and philosophers. Such a reassessment is needed to gain better understanding of Bergson’s role in the history and philosophy of biology as well as provide a reappraisal of Bergson’s contribution to current debates in biology and the philosophy of biology.

Program

Note 1: Register in advance for this webinar: https://univ-tlse2.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_okQqG78XSTekp8mPuKNqBQ


Note 2: All times below are UTC+2.

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Call for Abstracts: Bergson and Vitalism(s): An Online Workshop – April 29-30, 2021 | University of Ghent

Workshop Organizer: Mathilde Tahar (Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès)

In his 1907 bestseller Creative Evolution, the French philosopher Henri Bergson, weighed in on one of the burning issues of the day: biological evolution. He used an “image”, the élan vital (vital impetus) to describe the unpredictability, unity and branching nature of the history of life. The book earned Bergson international fame but also cemented the association between his name and a controversial label with a complex history: vitalism. In the words of philosophers Daniel Nicholson and Richard Gawne, nowadays, “to publicly accuse someone of harbouring vitalist views amounts to condemning them to the scorching fires of scientific hell”. This partially explains why current (in particular anglophone) historians and philosophers often ignore or disregard Bergson’s contribution to the history and philosophy of biology. As a result, the importance of Bergson’s philosophy of life in such areas has, until now, mostly been underplayed.                                                                                            

This workshop aims to provide a much-needed reassessment of the relationship between Bergson’s philosophy of life and vitalism by combining perspectives from historians of philosophy, historians of science, and philosophers. Such a reassessment is needed to gain better understanding of Bergson’s role in the history and philosophy of biology as well as provide a reappraisal of Bergson’s important contribution to current debates in biology and philosophy of biology.

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